The way to understand Israel's relationship to the super powers—Egypt and Mesopotamia on either side—is to understand its own sense of its fragility as a people. I will make your name great." According to the Bible, this promise establishes the covenant, a sacred contract between God and Abraham.
The primary way in which the Bible looks at the origins of Israel is as a people coming to settle in the land of Israel. The Lord said to Abraham, "Go forth from your native land and from your father's house to the land that I will show you. To mark the covenant, Abraham and all males are circumcised; his descendents will be God's chosen people.
And it is the Jews who give the world an astounding legacy, the belief in one God.
This belief will become the foundation of two other great monotheistic religions, Christianity and Islam.
In this landmark two-hour special, NOVA takes viewers on a scientific journey that began 3,000 years ago and continues today.