Termites are a delicacy in the diet of some human cultures and are used in many traditional medicines.
The diversity of termite species is low in North America and Europe (10 species known in Europe and 50 in North America), but is high in South America, where over 400 species are known.
Of the 3,000 termite species currently classified, 1,000 are found in Africa, where mounds are extremely abundant in certain regions.
The primitive giant northern termite (Mastotermes darwiniensis) exhibits numerous cockroach-like characteristics that are not shared with other termites, such as laying its eggs in rafts and having anal lobes on the wings.
Although termites are sometimes called "white ants", they are actually not ants.
Approximately 1.1 million active termite mounds can be found in the northern Kruger National Park alone.